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Villena and his Castillo is intimately bound, since to the heat of its walls the Arab town was developed, that extended around the mosque mosque, the present church of Santa Maria.

The Arab population had to lack walls, because according to texts, it was sent to surround the city once dominated by the Christians, already in half of century XIV. Throughout century XVI, the walls, along with the castle, were object of successive repairs. The Christian nucleus arises around the present church from Santiago, being the Arab population as a suburb of first.

Of century XVI to the XVII the population undergoes a noticeable splendor when reforming and to extend the two churches. The city is developed, on the one hand, in the skirts of the Mountain range of Villa - raised streets, irregular apples, whereas the true nucleus of the city is located in a zone more level than it has as main axis the high street.
Villena as of century XVIII is constituted as an extended population that ascends by a hill dominated by the tower of homage of its castle. Between the houses of the old city they excelled three towers: those of the churches of Santa Maria and Santiago and the call popularly “Tower of the Orejón”, place where the Municipal Town hall met in the Middle Ages and that it must his name to a jewelry store mechanism, consisting of a face with great ears, that appeared hourly. It was demolished, by uncertain, in 1888.

At present that image (although without the “Tower of the Orejón”) can acquire knowledge from the stop of the tower of homage of the Castillo of the Watchtower.

The old quarters of Villena were declared Historical-Artistic Monument in 1968.

Source: M.I. City council of Villena - Council of Tourism

 

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